Microsoft Security Operations Analyst v1.0

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Exam contains 113 questions

DRAG DROP -
You have an Azure subscription linked to an Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant. The tenant contains two users named User1 and User2.
You plan to deploy Azure Defender.
You need to enable User1 and User2 to perform tasks at the subscription level as shown in the following table.


The solution must use the principle of least privilege.
Which role should you assign to each user? To answer, drag the appropriate roles to the correct users. Each role may be used once, more than once, or not at all.
You may need to drag the split bar between panes or scroll to view content.
Select and Place:



Answer :

Explanation:

Box 1: Owner -
Only the Owner can assign initiatives.

Box 2: Contributor -
Only the Contributor or the Owner can apply security recommendations.
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/defender-for-cloud/permissions

HOTSPOT -
You have a Microsoft 365 E5 subscription that contains 200 Windows 10 devices enrolled in Microsoft Defender for Endpoint.
You need to ensure that users can access the devices by using a remote shell connection directly from the Microsoft 365 Defender portal. The solution must use the principle of least privilege.
What should you do in the Microsoft 365 Defender portal? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.
Hot Area:




Answer :

Explanation:

Box 1: Turn on Live Response -
Live response is a capability that gives you instantaneous access to a device by using a remote shell connection. This gives you the power to do in-depth investigative work and take immediate response actions.

Box: 2 -
Network assessment jobs allow you to choose network devices to be scanned regularly and added to the device inventory.
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/security/defender-endpoint/respond-machine-alerts?view=o365-worldwide https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/security/defender-endpoint/network-devices?view=o365-worldwide

Case study -
This is a case study. Case studies are not timed separately. You can use as much exam time as you would like to complete each case. However, there may be additional case studies and sections on this exam. You must manage your time to ensure that you are able to complete all questions included on this exam in the time provided.
To answer the questions included in a case study, you will need to reference information that is provided in the case study. Case studies might contain exhibits and other resources that provide more information about the scenario that is described in the case study. Each question is independent of the other questions in this case study.
At the end of this case study, a review screen will appear. This screen allows you to review your answers and to make changes before you move to the next section of the exam. After you begin a new section, you cannot return to this section.

To start the case study -
To display the first question in this case study, click the Next button. Use the buttons in the left pane to explore the content of the case study before you answer the questions. Clicking these buttons displays information such as business requirements, existing environment, and problem statements. If the case study has an All Information tab, note that the information displayed is identical to the information displayed on the subsequent tabs. When you are ready to answer a question, click the Question button to return to the question.

Overview -
Litware Inc. is a renewable energy company.
Litware has offices in Boston and Seattle. Litware also has remote users located across the United States. To access Litware resources, including cloud resources, the remote users establish a VPN connection to either office.

Existing Environment -

Identity Environment -
The network contains an Active Directory forest named litware.com that syncs to an Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant named litware.com.

Microsoft 365 Environment -
Litware has a Microsoft 365 E5 subscription linked to the litware.com Azure AD tenant. Microsoft Defender for Endpoint is deployed to all computers that run
Windows 10. All Microsoft Cloud App Security built-in anomaly detection policies are enabled.

Azure Environment -
Litware has an Azure subscription linked to the litware.com Azure AD tenant. The subscription contains resources in the East US Azure region as shown in the following table.



Network Environment -
Each Litware office connects directly to the internet and has a site-to-site VPN connection to the virtual networks in the Azure subscription.

On-premises Environment -
The on-premises network contains the computers shown in the following table.


Current problems -
Cloud App Security frequently generates false positive alerts when users connect to both offices simultaneously.
Planned Changes and Requirements

Planned Changes -
Litware plans to implement the following changes:
Create and configure Azure Sentinel in the Azure subscription.
Validate Azure Sentinel functionality by using Azure AD test user accounts.

Business Requirements -
Litware identifies the following business requirements:
The principle of least privilege must be used whenever possible.

Costs must be minimized, as long as all other requirements are met.
Logs collected by Log Analytics must provide a full audit trail of user activities.
All domain controllers must be protected by using Microsoft Defender for Identity.
Azure Information Protection Requirements
All files that have security labels and are stored on the Windows 10 computers must be available from the Azure Information Protection ג€" Data discovery dashboard.
Microsoft Defender for Endpoint requirements
All Cloud App Security unsanctioned apps must be blocked on the Windows 10 computers by using Microsoft Defender for Endpoint.
Microsoft Cloud App Security requirements
Cloud App Security must identify whether a user connection is anomalous based on tenant-level data.

Azure Defender Requirements -
All servers must send logs to the same Log Analytics workspace.

Azure Sentinel Requirements -
Litware must meet the following Azure Sentinel requirements:
Integrate Azure Sentinel and Cloud App Security.
Ensure that a user named admin1 can configure Azure Sentinel playbooks.
Create an Azure Sentinel analytics rule based on a custom query. The rule must automatically initiate the execution of a playbook.
Add notes to events that represent data access from a specific IP address to provide the ability to reference the IP address when navigating through an investigation graph while hunting.
Create a test rule that generates alerts when inbound access to Microsoft Office 365 by the Azure AD test user accounts is detected. Alerts generated by the rule must be grouped into individual incidents, with one incident per test user account.


HOTSPOT -
You need to implement Azure Defender to meet the Azure Defender requirements and the business requirements.
What should you include in the solution? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.
Hot Area:



Answer :

Case study -
This is a case study. Case studies are not timed separately. You can use as much exam time as you would like to complete each case. However, there may be additional case studies and sections on this exam. You must manage your time to ensure that you are able to complete all questions included on this exam in the time provided.
To answer the questions included in a case study, you will need to reference information that is provided in the case study. Case studies might contain exhibits and other resources that provide more information about the scenario that is described in the case study. Each question is independent of the other questions in this case study.
At the end of this case study, a review screen will appear. This screen allows you to review your answers and to make changes before you move to the next section of the exam. After you begin a new section, you cannot return to this section.

To start the case study -
To display the first question in this case study, click the Next button. Use the buttons in the left pane to explore the content of the case study before you answer the questions. Clicking these buttons displays information such as business requirements, existing environment, and problem statements. If the case study has an All Information tab, note that the information displayed is identical to the information displayed on the subsequent tabs. When you are ready to answer a question, click the Question button to return to the question.

Overview -
A company named Contoso Ltd. has a main office and five branch offices located throughout North America. The main office is in Seattle. The branch offices are in Toronto, Miami, Houston, Los Angeles, and Vancouver.
Contoso has a subsidiary named Fabrikam, Ltd. that has offices in New York and San Francisco.

Existing Environment -

End-User Environment -
All users at Contoso use Windows 10 devices. Each user is licensed for Microsoft 365. In addition, iOS devices are distributed to the members of the sales team at Contoso.

Cloud and Hybrid Infrastructure -
All Contoso applications are deployed to Azure.
You enable Microsoft Cloud App Security.
Contoso and Fabrikam have different Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenants. Fabrikam recently purchased an Azure subscription and enabled Azure Defender for all supported resource types.

Current Problems -
The security team at Contoso receives a large number of cybersecurity alerts. The security team spends too much time identifying which cybersecurity alerts are legitimate threats, and which are not.
The Contoso sales team uses only iOS devices. The sales team members exchange files with customers by using a variety of third-party tools. In the past, the sales team experienced phishing attacks on their devices.
The marketing team at Contoso has several Microsoft SharePoint Online sites for collaborating with external vendors. The marketing team has had several incidents in which vendors uploaded files that contain malware.
The executive team at Contoso suspects a security breach. The executive team requests that you identify which files had more than five activities during the past
48 hours, including data access, download, or deletion for Microsoft Cloud App Security-protected applications.

Requirements -

Planned Changes -
Contoso plans to integrate the security operations of both companies and manage all security operations centrally.

Technical Requirements -
Contoso identifies the following technical requirements:
Receive alerts if an Azure virtual machine is under brute force attack.
Use Azure Sentinel to reduce organizational risk by rapidly remediating active attacks on the environment.
Implement Azure Sentinel queries that correlate data across the Azure AD tenants of Contoso and Fabrikam.
Develop a procedure to remediate Azure Defender for Key Vault alerts for Contoso in case of external and internal threats. The solution must minimize the impact on legitimate attempts to access the key vault content.
Identify all cases of users who failed to sign in to an Azure resource for the first time from a given country. A junior security administrator provides you with the following incomplete query.

BehaviorAnalytics -
| where ActivityType == "FailedLogOn"
| where ________ == True


HOTSPOT -
You need to recommend remediation actions for the Azure Defender alerts for Fabrikam.
What should you recommend for each threat? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.
Hot Area:




Answer :

Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/key-vault/general/security-features https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/key-vault/general/secure-your-key-vault

Case study -
This is a case study. Case studies are not timed separately. You can use as much exam time as you would like to complete each case. However, there may be additional case studies and sections on this exam. You must manage your time to ensure that you are able to complete all questions included on this exam in the time provided.
To answer the questions included in a case study, you will need to reference information that is provided in the case study. Case studies might contain exhibits and other resources that provide more information about the scenario that is described in the case study. Each question is independent of the other questions in this case study.
At the end of this case study, a review screen will appear. This screen allows you to review your answers and to make changes before you move to the next section of the exam. After you begin a new section, you cannot return to this section.

To start the case study -
To display the first question in this case study, click the Next button. Use the buttons in the left pane to explore the content of the case study before you answer the questions. Clicking these buttons displays information such as business requirements, existing environment, and problem statements. If the case study has an All Information tab, note that the information displayed is identical to the information displayed on the subsequent tabs. When you are ready to answer a question, click the Question button to return to the question.

Overview -
A company named Contoso Ltd. has a main office and five branch offices located throughout North America. The main office is in Seattle. The branch offices are in Toronto, Miami, Houston, Los Angeles, and Vancouver.
Contoso has a subsidiary named Fabrikam, Ltd. that has offices in New York and San Francisco.

Existing Environment -

End-User Environment -
All users at Contoso use Windows 10 devices. Each user is licensed for Microsoft 365. In addition, iOS devices are distributed to the members of the sales team at Contoso.

Cloud and Hybrid Infrastructure -
All Contoso applications are deployed to Azure.
You enable Microsoft Cloud App Security.
Contoso and Fabrikam have different Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenants. Fabrikam recently purchased an Azure subscription and enabled Azure Defender for all supported resource types.

Current Problems -
The security team at Contoso receives a large number of cybersecurity alerts. The security team spends too much time identifying which cybersecurity alerts are legitimate threats, and which are not.
The Contoso sales team uses only iOS devices. The sales team members exchange files with customers by using a variety of third-party tools. In the past, the sales team experienced phishing attacks on their devices.
The marketing team at Contoso has several Microsoft SharePoint Online sites for collaborating with external vendors. The marketing team has had several incidents in which vendors uploaded files that contain malware.
The executive team at Contoso suspects a security breach. The executive team requests that you identify which files had more than five activities during the past
48 hours, including data access, download, or deletion for Microsoft Cloud App Security-protected applications.

Requirements -

Planned Changes -
Contoso plans to integrate the security operations of both companies and manage all security operations centrally.

Technical Requirements -
Contoso identifies the following technical requirements:
Receive alerts if an Azure virtual machine is under brute force attack.
Use Azure Sentinel to reduce organizational risk by rapidly remediating active attacks on the environment.
Implement Azure Sentinel queries that correlate data across the Azure AD tenants of Contoso and Fabrikam.
Develop a procedure to remediate Azure Defender for Key Vault alerts for Contoso in case of external and internal threats. The solution must minimize the impact on legitimate attempts to access the key vault content.
Identify all cases of users who failed to sign in to an Azure resource for the first time from a given country. A junior security administrator provides you with the following incomplete query.

BehaviorAnalytics -
| where ActivityType == "FailedLogOn"
| where ________ == True

You need to recommend a solution to meet the technical requirements for the Azure virtual machines.
What should you include in the recommendation?

  • A. just-in-time (JIT) access
  • B. Azure Defender
  • C. Azure Firewall
  • D. Azure Application Gateway


Answer : B

Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/security-center/azure-defender

Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution.
After you answer a question in this section, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen.
You use Azure Security Center.
You receive a security alert in Security Center.
You need to view recommendations to resolve the alert in Security Center.
Solution: From Security alerts, you select the alert, select Take Action, and then expand the Prevent future attacks section.
Does this meet the goal?

  • A. Yes
  • B. No


Answer : B

Explanation:
You need to resolve the existing alert, not prevent future alerts. Therefore, you need to select the ג€˜Mitigate the threatג€™ option.
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/security-center/security-center-managing-and-responding-alerts

You receive an alert from Azure Defender for Key Vault.
You discover that the alert is generated from multiple suspicious IP addresses.
You need to reduce the potential of Key Vault secrets being leaked while you investigate the issue. The solution must be implemented as soon as possible and must minimize the impact on legitimate users.
What should you do first?

  • A. Modify the access control settings for the key vault.
  • B. Enable the Key Vault firewall.
  • C. Create an application security group.
  • D. Modify the access policy for the key vault.


Answer : B

Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/security-center/defender-for-key-vault-usage

HOTSPOT -
You have an Azure subscription that has Azure Defender enabled for all supported resource types.
You create an Azure logic app named LA1.
You plan to use LA1 to automatically remediate security risks detected in Azure Security Center.
You need to test LA1 in Security Center.
What should you do? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.
Hot Area:




Answer :

Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/security-center/workflow-automation#create-a-logic-app-and-define-when-it-should-automatically-run

You have a Microsoft 365 subscription that uses Azure Defender.
You have 100 virtual machines in a resource group named RG1.
You assign the Security Admin roles to a new user named SecAdmin1.
You need to ensure that SecAdmin1 can apply quick fixes to the virtual machines by using Azure Defender. The solution must use the principle of least privilege.
Which role should you assign to SecAdmin1?

  • A. the Security Reader role for the subscription
  • B. the Contributor for the subscription
  • C. the Contributor role for RG1
  • D. the Owner role for RG1


Answer : C

You provision a Linux virtual machine in a new Azure subscription.
You enable Azure Defender and onboard the virtual machine to Azure Defender.
You need to verify that an attack on the virtual machine triggers an alert in Azure Defender.
Which two Bash commands should you run on the virtual machine? Each correct answer presents part of the solution.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.

  • A. cp /bin/echo ./asc_alerttest_662jfi039n
  • B. ./alerttest testing eicar pipe
  • C. cp /bin/echo ./alerttest
  • D. ./asc_alerttest_662jfi039n testing eicar pipe


Answer : AD

Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/security-center/security-center-alert-validation#simulate-alerts-on-your-azure-vms-linux-

You create an Azure subscription named sub1.
In sub1, you create a Log Analytics workspace named workspace1.
You enable Azure Security Center and configure Security Center to use workspace1.
You need to collect security event logs from the Azure virtual machines that report to workspace1.
What should you do?

  • A. From Security Center, enable data collection
  • B. In sub1, register a provider.
  • C. From Security Center, create a Workflow automation.
  • D. In workspace1, create a workbook.


Answer : A

Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/security-center/security-center-enable-data-collection

DRAG DROP -
You create a new Azure subscription and start collecting logs for Azure Monitor.
You need to configure Azure Security Center to detect possible threats related to sign-ins from suspicious IP addresses to Azure virtual machines. The solution must validate the configuration.
Which three actions should you perform in a sequence? To answer, move the appropriate actions from the list of action to the answer area and arrange them in the correct order.
Select and Place:




Answer :

Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/security-center/security-center-alert-validation

Your company uses Azure Security Center and Azure Defender.

The security operations team at the company informs you that it does NOT receive email notifications for security alerts.
What should you configure in Security Center to enable the email notifications?

  • A. Security solutions
  • B. Security policy
  • C. Pricing & settings
  • D. Security alerts
  • E. Azure Defender


Answer : C

Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/security-center/security-center-provide-security-contact-details

DRAG DROP -
You have resources in Azure and Google cloud.
You need to ingest Google Cloud Platform (GCP) data into Azure Defender.
In which order should you perform the actions? To answer, move all actions from the list of actions to the answer area and arrange them in the correct order.
Select and Place:




Answer :

Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/security-center/quickstart-onboard-gcp

Note: This question is part of a series of questions that present the same scenario. Each question in the series contains a unique solution that might meet the stated goals. Some question sets might have more than one correct solution, while others might not have a correct solution.
After you answer a question in this section, you will NOT be able to return to it. As a result, these questions will not appear in the review screen.
You use Azure Security Center.
You receive a security alert in Security Center.
You need to view recommendations to resolve the alert in Security Center.
Solution: From Regulatory compliance, you download the report.
Does this meet the goal?

  • A. Yes
  • B. No


Answer : B

Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/security-center/security-center-managing-and-responding-alerts

Page:    1 / 8   
Exam contains 113 questions

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